HIV infection emerges in three stages. The first stage is seroconversion (a period of time where HIV antibodies have started evolving to resist viruses.). The second stage is the period when no symptoms appear. And the third stage is HIV infection turned into AIDS.
The First Stage
People who are infected with the HIV virus will suffer pain similar to flu. After this, HIV does not cause any symptoms for several years. This flu, like symptoms will show up a few weeks after being infected. It is this period that is often referred to as seroconversion.
It is estimated, about 8 out of 10 people with HIV experience. The most common symptoms are:
- Throat pain
- A body rash appears, it is usually not itchy
- Swelling of lymphatic staining
- Weight loss
- Painful joints
- Muscle pain
The above symptoms can persist for one to two months, or even longer. This is a harbinger of the immune system is being against the virus. But, these symptoms could be caused by a disease other than HIV. This condition is not solely because of the HIV-infected.
Do HIV testing if you feel at risk of being infected or when appearing the symptoms mentioned above. But keep in mind, not all people experience the same symptoms as mentioned above. If felt had done something that made you risk infected, go to the nearest hospital or clinic to undergo HIV testing.
The Second Stage
After the initial symptoms disappear, usually HIV doesn’t cause further symptoms for many years. This period is referred to as the incubation period, or latent period. The existing virus continues to spread and damage to the immune system. In this step, you will feel healthy and there is no problem. We may not be aware of already contracted HIV, but we can already transmit this infection to other people. Long stages this could run about 10 years or even more.
The Third Stage or The Last Stage of HIV Infection
If left untreated, HIV weakens the body’s ability in fighting infection. With this condition, you will be more susceptible to serious illness. The final stage is more commonly known as AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). The following are symptoms that appear on the last stage of HIV infection:
- Staining lymphatic or lymph nodes swell in the neck and groin.
- A fever that lasts more than 10 days.
- Feeling exhausted almost every time.
- Sweating at night.
- Weight down without a known cause.
- Purple spots on the skin are not lost.
- Shortness of breath.
- Diarrhea that is severe and ongoing.
- Yeast infection in the mouth, throat, or vagina.
- Easy bruising or bleeding without cause.
The risk of developing deadly diseases will increase at this stage. For example, cancer, tuberculosis, and pneumonia. But despite this deadly disease, treatment of HIV can still be done. Handling it early can help improve health.